Alpaca is a very cute animal that lives on the territory of the Peruvian Andes. Today, there are two types of animals: Alpaca Wakaya – the most common species, similar to a small fluffy bear and
Alpaca Suri. The latter species is more rare. His coat is considered the highest quality, and therefore valuable.
Many thousands of years ago, these animals were tamed by the inhabitants of the South American Andes. Ancient Incas were able to appreciate the fur of these animals for their unique properties and noble color. This wool was even their local currency.
Among the Incas, only tall women wore alpaca wool. But the new inhabitants of South America, the Spaniards who came from Europe, brought sheep with them, and they immediately underestimated the alpaca. And only after almost four centuries, the former popularity of alpaca returned. Since the 80s of the last century, animals have become seriously interested. Today, Peru is the largest supplier of alpaca wool.
Alpaca with its appearance resembles a llama, alpaca wool is one of the most expensive. From alpaca wool with unique properties, fabric is produced. Alpaca combines the best properties of the wool of llamas and camels. The luxurious alpaca fabric is soft and warm. It has 22 natural shades – from pure white to black. Therefore, wool is most often not dyed.
Compared to the wool of sheep, alpaca fibers are stronger and warmer, therefore this unique wool is durable, and besides, it is unusually light. Since alpaca wool is soft and smooth, it does not cause discomfort when in contact with the body. Due to these properties, alpaca fabrics have antiseptic properties and do not cause allergic reactions, and also do not wrinkle or stretch.
Many woolen fabrics are susceptible to stalling and rolling, but alpaca products are free from these shortcomings, and they are also resistant to contamination. Alpaca protects not only from the cold, but also from the heat – this is what makes it unique. In summer, alpaca products are not hot, and in winter it is not cold.
Today, alpaca is bred in order to obtain wool, which is cut from animals once every two years. An adult animal for one haircut gives up to three kilograms of quality wool. The sorting process is carried out manually, so the wool is of unsurpassed quality. After sorting, dirt, sand, etc. are removed from the fibers. Then spinning begins, after which the material is thoroughly washed, removing the remaining dirt and grease. After all stages of processing, if necessary, the coat can be dyed.
Scarves, caps, hats
- Coats, jackets, jackets, sweaters;
- Plaids, blankets, carpets, fabrics
Alpaca wool fiber can also be used for self-knitting of the same products, it all depends on the skilled craftswoman.
Fabrics made from alpaca wool are used for sewing coats, jackets and other wardrobe items. In this case, the wool of young animals is used, for the manufacture of carpets – older individuals.
Types of Alpaca Wool
Depending on the diameter, alpaca wool is divided into several types:
- Royal Alpaca – 19 microns
- Baby Alpaca – 22.5 microns
- Very soft alpaca – 25.5 microns
- Adult Alpaca – 32 microns
Of all the species, Baby Alpaca wool is considered the best.
Alpaca Wool Care
How to store products? Some products from wool do not tolerate the presence of naphthalene, including alpaca, therefore, to protect against moths, use cedar, lavender or tobacco.
Washing wool or alpaca products
Wash in cool water with special detergents. After washing, things should simply be squeezed in hands, and not squeezed, twisting. Drying away from heating appliances, avoiding sunlight. Then lay things on a flat surface, laying a cloth under them, such as a terry towel, giving it its natural shape, aligning the sleeves, side seams and other elements.
When the product has been so for some time, the remaining moisture will pass from it to the towel. Then, just as well, you can put this product on the same, but dry cloth. In this position, the product should dry completely. This will prevent deformation during drying.
If necessary, you can stroke. But this process should be carried out even more accurately and through a damp cloth. To restore the pile, sweep the product with a soft sponge or brush. Alpaca wool products can also be dry cleaned.
Alpaca wool for its excellent quality confirms the high price. Many sports firms have also paid attention to this material. Due to its ability to thermoregulate, wool is used for sewing sportswear.